Gardenia, the fragrant plant

Gardenia comes from Africa and Asia and has conquered the whole world with its rich, white or ivory flowers and fragrance. Whether you grow them outdoors in the garden or indoors as houseplants, gardenias can thrive just about anywhere.

Gardenias are available in shrub, tree and dwarf forms, many of which are suitable for potting. They typically grow to a height of 20 cm to 2 m depending on the variety. Bloom period: Typically May through June, with some varieties blooming into autumn. Color is typically white, with single or double blossoms ranging from 2 to 5 inches in diameter. Some cultivars have yellow blossoms. 

                                                                                                                  

Foliage: Glossy, dark green leaves, 2 to 4 inches long. Even when gardenias are not in bloom, the glossy emerald-green foliage, which is almost as lovely as the flowers, will remain attractive throughout the year.

Use gardenias as hedge plants along sidewalks, entryways, and fences or anywhere in the garden where their fragrance can be appreciated. Potted gardenias are perfect for porches and patios, where you can shelter them from direct sunlight and wind and easily move them indoors when it's needed. Tree forms are especially lovely when grown in containers, and add sophistication to formal garden designs.

Gardenia is a plant that can beautify your space, but it needs special care to keep it as good as possible for as long as possible.

Enjoy the stunning white flowers and intoxicating fragrance of these striking evergreen plants with the following tips:

Temperature

Gardenia loves high temperatures day and low at night. The best temperature for maintain the plant is 10-13 degrees. Gardens prefer shady places, not direct exposure to sunlight while loving humidity. In winter they can not withstand cold and want protection.

                                                                                                                        

Location

Gardenias need a home that receives full to partial sunlight. They like the warmth of the sun for proper growth. Strive to give your gardenia direct morning sun rather than direct afternoon sun. If you are putting the plant in an indoor pot, you will want to keep it near a south-facing window so that it can get bright, indirect sunlight for most of the day. It is a good idea to select the location you want to place from the beginning and stay there. We recommend that you do not plant it on the ground but in a pot as it needs soil rich in organic substances, fluffy and well drained. This combination is very difficult to find in the soil, so we choose to plant it in a pot with the right soil.

Soil

The main part of its care is to add liquid iron at least twice a month, especially in the spring and summer. Gardenias grow best when they are planted in rich soil with acidic pH levels that is moist but well-drained. In particular, if your soil is too basic you will want to add sulfur. Also know that gardenia is a flowering plant with increased potassium requirements for the growth of foliage, and you should not omit it.

                                                                                                                      

Planting

Avoid planting too close to concrete. You do not want to plant them right up against your house or walkways. If you plant it near to concrete it will change the alkalinity of the soil. Gardenias like soil that is rich in nutrients. Use fertilizer, peat moss or manure into the soil to enhance the growth of your plant.

The perfect season to plant your gardenias is either in the fall or spring. If you are planting more than one gardenia, you must leave one to two meters of space in between each plant. The hole you make should be twice as wide as the plant’s root ball and only as deep as its length.

If you are planting your gardenia in a pot, make sure the pot you use to be large enough and you make the hole twice as wide as the root ball.

Place the gardenia in the hole you have made.  Put some soil to cover the halfway of the root and then water it. After the water has settled, cover the root ball and pat the soil down around the gardenia. Cover the ground surrounding the gardenia with mulch, which help you to add acidic elements to the soil. Maintain the soil surrounding of the plant moist until its roots are well established. The mulch should be two inches thick, but shouldn’t touch the base of the plant.

Watering

There is no golden rule about the frequency with which you should water a gardenia. The soil in the pot must always be a little damp. This means watering it whenever it is needed, whenever we understand that soil is in need of moisture. Water quality also affects its development. Tap water usually contains salts and causes barren weakness in the absorption of iron. Gardenia thrives best when given distilled water. The plant needs more water during extremely dry periods and less water when they are not blooming. Try to avoid getting the leaves and blooms soaking wet, as wet leaves are more prone to fungal growth.

                                                                                                                            

Fertilizing

Fertilize your growing plant. Gardenias should be fertilized every three weeks. You should use an acid-based fertilizer as gardenias prefer acidic soil and fertilizer. Established plants need fertilizer each March and October. You may find it easier to use a water soluble fertilizer.

Pruning

You prune your plant when it is not producing blooms. You should never cut all of the leaves off the plant. You should also remove the dead flowers to help your plant produce more blooms. Gardenias also make excellent bonsai trees if you prune and train them into the desired shape.

Diseases and pests

You should check your gardenias for whiteflies and mealybugs. Other gardenia pests include aphids, spider mites and thrips. If you notice that your plants have a pest problem, use a horticultural oil to get rid of them. Over-watering your plant and planting them too close to each other are both causes of pest problems. Avoid doing both of these things.

To avoid disease in the roots, your saucer should not come into contact with the pot. Under normal conditions, gardenias are blooming twice a year, at the end of spring and early autumn. Remember that when a gardenia has a lot of buds it can drop some of them before they open. This means that there is a serious lack of some nutrients in potting soil or that you have changed some maintenance conditions such as temperature, humidity, ventilation and reacted negatively.

Gardenia may be the most-beloved fragrance in the world! The sweet fragrance of its beautiful flowers has long been a favorite in the home and office for its ability to perk up a room with its aroma. At www.anthemionflowers.eu you will find a beautiful variety of gardenia to choose the one that fits you. Make a wonderful gift which your loved recipient is sure to appreciate.